bondi junction 9386 5400 st ives 9386 5400 barangaroo 8599 9811

children’s feet

The foot is a complex structure of 26 bones and 35 joints, held together and supported by scores of ligaments. A baby’s foot is padded with fat and is highly flexible. Children begin to walk anywhere between eight and 18 months of age. Most toddlers are flat-footed when they first start walking, or tend to turn their feet inwards, because of poor muscle tone and weak ligaments in their feet. This will improve as the feet strengthen. Always see your podiatrist or doctor if you are concerned about your child’s feet or gait. childpic1

wearing shoes

A child learning to walk receives important sensory information from the soles of their feet. Shoes, particularly those with hard and inflexible soles, can make walking more difficult. Your toddler doesn’t need shoes until they have been walking for a couple of months, and then only to protect their feet from sharp objects. It is important to allow your child to go barefoot regularly to help them develop balance, coordination and posture. Have your child’s shoes professionally fitted, which should include measuring each foot for length and width. Children’s feet grow very quickly and their shoe size may need updating every few months. Shoes that are too tight can hamper your child’s walking and cause problems, such as ingrown toenails and bunions.

suggestions for shoes

Shoes for your toddler should ideally have features including:

  • Firm, comfortable fit both lengthways and widthways
  • Rounded toe
  • Plenty of room for the toes
  • Flexible, flat sole
  • Heel support
  • Laces, straps or equivalent to prevent excessive movement or slipping of the foot inside the shoe
childpic2 childpic3 childpic4

flat feet

The sole of a normally developed foot has an arch, called the medial arch, formed by muscles and ligaments. For the first two years, your child’s feet will seem to have fallen arches. Flat feet are normal in a young child due to weak muscle tone in the foot, a generous padding of fat, and loose ankle ligaments that permit the foot to lean inwards. As your child masters walking, the ligaments and muscles will strengthen and the fat pads in the arch area won’t be so noticeable. By around five years of age, your child should have normal arches in both feet.

feet that turn inwards

Many toddlers walk ‘pigeon-toed’, with either one or both feet turned inwards. In most cases, this is simply a sign of developing posture and balance, and should resolve by itself (without the need for medical intervention) somewhere between the ages of three and five years. However, if the in-toeing is severe, seems to involve the leg and hip as well as the foot, or isn’t improving by the time your child is around one and a half to two years of age, see your podiatrist for assessment. Excessive in-toeing may be caused by a variety of underlying difficulties, such as hip joint problems.

feet that turn outwards

Very occasionally, toddlers walk with their feet turned outwards. This tends to be more common in children who were born prematurely. In most cases, out-toeing resolves by itself as posture and balance matures, but see your podiatrist if you are concerned.

problems that need professional attention

You should see your podiatrist if you are worried about your child’s feet or gait. Problematic symptoms may include:

  • Abnormally shaped toes
  • Ingrown toenails
  • Bunions or other deformities
  • Stiffness in the foot
  • Limping
  • The child complains of pain while walking
  • Severe in-toeing or out-toeing
  • Flat feet beyond the age of five years
  • A sudden change in the way your child walks
  • If your child isn’t walking at all by two years of age

our promise to you

The footinjuryclinic, its podiatrists and support staff are passionate about our specialty. We are dedicated to exceeding your expectations in helping you restore and maintain your health quickly, with cost effective and evidence-based treatment.
We achieve this goal through comprehensive examination, accurate diagnosis, clear explanation, and individually tailored, multi-faceted treatments.
Your wellbeing is very important to us at the footinjuryclinic . We are serious about feet and promise to discuss your foot care in a language you will understand, using technology and skills that compliment your care.

referrals and payment

No referrals are required unless you fall under DVA or work cover.


  • Private health funds
    Podiatry is a registered and regulated health profession with private health funds providing cover for some podiatry services on their ancillary tables. Please speak to your provider to establish what codes and how much will be covered for podiatry. Read More...

our locations

bondi junction
18/108 Ebley Street
Bondi Junction, NSW 2022
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t   02 9386 5400
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st ives
7/219 Mona Vale Road,
St Ives, NSW, 2075
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t   02 9440 4600
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barangaroo
Suite 3, Level 1,
400 Barangaroo Ave
Barangaroo, NSW, 2000
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t   02 8599 9811
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